Permafrost and cryogenic monitoring in the western Russian Arctic.

Permafrost is currently analysed by reviewing temperatures at different layers compared with air and ground surface temperatures, depth of freezing and thawing, as well as overall coverage including snow and vegetation. Mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and mean annual ground temperatures (MAGT) are a widely used source of analysis with the practical measurements being completed…

Climate change impact on river basins in Ukraine 2020

The researchers used six models comparing precipitation and drought based on river levels using RCP 2.6 and RCP 8.5 scenarios. Their predictions show a decrease in water in most of the eight main river basins, particularly between 2040 – 2070. The greatest reductions by the end of the century are predicted for Pripyat, Southern bug…

Catching raindrops in Primorye

Scientists at the Russian Academy of Sciences have developed mathematical models to predict flooding effects and assist with an action plan. To develop and test their models, they used flooding data from flooding in Primorye in 2001. They included the flooding area, water level, temperature and velocity. They also included human and animal populations in…