Permafrost and cryogenic monitoring in the western Russian Arctic.

Permafrost is currently analysed by reviewing temperatures at different layers compared with air and ground surface temperatures, depth of freezing and thawing, as well as overall coverage including snow and vegetation. Mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and mean annual ground temperatures (MAGT) are a widely used source of analysis with the practical measurements being completed…

Green canopies in the urban Russian Arctic

The majority of residents in cities in the Russian Arctic are not indigenous to the area (approx 95%), mostly migrating from the south and west. They are not used to Arctic ecosystems and the Arctic climate with lower temperatures, permafrost, less rich soil and having to adapt to differing light with polar days and nights….

Building a national permafrost picture benefits everyone

Up until now, multiple institutions across Russia monitor permafrost and focus on local results. Oil and gas industries do not share their permafrost results with each other. Human impact from energy industries has cumulatively increased permafrost temperature which further affects their infrastructure. The researchers recommend a new state monitoring system which can be linked to…

How to stop drilling holes through indigenous rights in the Russian Arctic

Liobov Sulayandziga discusses the issues between indigenous people of the Russian Arctic and extractive industries. She looks at the authentic communities in four Arctic regions: Komi Republic, Sakhalin, Sakha Republic and Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Area She concludes that indigenous opinions are often ignored in areas where resource extraction is prioritized. The communities receive significant opposition from…

Idols and rabbits in the Urals – designing Arctic ecotourism

Researchers from Ural State University of Architecture and Art proposed an innovative approach for developing tourism in Russian Arctic destinations where holidaymakers commonly avoid travelling. Tough climate, remoteness and non-existing hospitality services make it a challenge to tempt any tourist. Attracted by wilderness, endangered fauna, melting icebergs and glaciers, vanishing indigenous cultures, endangered mega-fauna has…

Detecting a methane rush over the Arctic seas

The Arctic is warming twice as fast compared to the rest of the World. The Arctic ocean contains gigatons of organic carbon and methane hydrates. Warming may induce liberation of this methane into the atmosphere. This greenhouse gas would start a positive feed-back: the warmer water – the faster methane emission, the higher concentration the…

Is there an Arctic ‘resource curse’? Evidence from the Russian Arctic regions.

Although the development of the Arctic’s natural resources sounds very promising for Russian economics, the expansion of mining brings future risks for the regional well-being, affecting social, physical and economic spheres. Gritsenko and Efimova discuss how the Arctic economics might struggle from being rich in resources. They refer to the idea of ‘resource curse’, a paradox that features…

Climate change is a positive change for the Arctic birds. #Russia #climate

Researchers from the Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences analyse the formation of modern Arctic mammals and discuss their future changes caused by climate change. They observed regional climate warming since the 1990s with visible effects such as rain- and snowfall increase, a decrease of Arctic glaciers, much warmer winters, etc. They found that…