Understanding hydrological pressures caused by melting permafrost

Researchers evaluated the current network of hydrometeorological observation across the permafrost. They wanted to find out how to improve statistical approaches for modelling engineering design and hydrological impact from melting permafrost such as increased flooding. They reviewed the distribution of ground temperature stations and hydrological gauges that currently measure streamflow discharge, where permafrost is covering… Read More Understanding hydrological pressures caused by melting permafrost

Salt on the move in the permafrost

Researchers at Skoltech wanted to understand more about the effect of pressure and temperature on salt distribution in permafrost that contains hydrates and permafrost that doesn’t. Existing research does not model salt diffusion and transportation in permafrost thawing. They simulated experiments reproducing the degrading permafrost in laboratory conditions by changing the temperature and pressure whilst… Read More Salt on the move in the permafrost

Building a national permafrost picture benefits everyone

Up until now, multiple institutions across Russia monitor permafrost and focus on local results. Oil and gas industries do not share their permafrost results with each other. Human impact from energy industries has cumulatively increased permafrost temperature which further affects their infrastructure. The researchers recommend a new state monitoring system which can be linked to… Read More Building a national permafrost picture benefits everyone

Will European Russia run out of water because of climate change: Maria Sidorova

In the laboratory of hydrology of the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Maria and her colleagues found out which regions of the European territory of Russia in the future will most of all suffer from a lack of water. The corresponding data was published in a separate chapter of the printed… Read More Will European Russia run out of water because of climate change: Maria Sidorova