Increases in sea ice melt, permafrost melt and wildfires are observed whilst Siberian temperatures continue to escalate beyond previous records, for example 38°C last year inside the Arctic Circle. To understand the changes, researchers looked at proxy records. Historically in the Siberian Arctic they have mostly included low-resolution pollen records and laminated lake sediments. They… Read More Siberian trees are telling the humans it’s too hot !
Researchers from Tuvan and Tomsk universities wanted to understand the impact of climate change on palsa mires which are frozen mounds of peat bogs found in the highlands of southern Siberia. They are caused by permafrost and can be several metres high and up to several hundred km2 in area. When reading existing research they… Read More Mounds of mires
Vladimir Semyonov is Deputy Director of the Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The Russian News Agency TASS reported from a recent press conference summarising the current climate atmospheric position based on the Institute’s science. The Institute is an IPCC contributor and collaborator: According to him, the warming will be… Read More 1.5ºC annual average warming predicted in Russia over next 30 years
Variability in total contents based on long term stratospheric trends are measured by researchers at the A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics. They are measuring levels of O3 and NO2 at the Kislovodsk High-Altitude Scientific Station (KHASS) and Zvenigorod Scientific Station (ZSS). This includes direct and zenith scattered UV solar radiation during mornings and evening… Read More Uncovering stratospheric oxygen and nitrogen in Russian skies
Permafrost is currently analysed by reviewing temperatures at different layers compared with air and ground surface temperatures, depth of freezing and thawing, as well as overall coverage including snow and vegetation. Mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and mean annual ground temperatures (MAGT) are a widely used source of analysis with the practical measurements being completed… Read More Permafrost and cryogenic monitoring in the western Russian Arctic.
The majority of residents in cities in the Russian Arctic are not indigenous to the area (approx 95%), mostly migrating from the south and west. They are not used to Arctic ecosystems and the Arctic climate with lower temperatures, permafrost, less rich soil and having to adapt to differing light with polar days and nights.… Read More Green canopies in the urban Russian Arctic
Warmer climates have increased the frequency and volume of forest fires across Russia, even in areas which have snow cover. About 98% of forest fires in populated Russia were estimated to be caused by human activity and in more remote areas, approximately 50% caused by thunderstorms and lightening. The researchers reviewed the risks and effect… Read More Feeling the burn in the Volga
The Aral Sea repeatedly appeared and disappeared over the last century but has now steadily decreased as the dust increased, resulting in desertification. There is still water in the north of the Aral Sea but the ‘desert’ lakebed in the middle has more dust and sandstorms than anywhere else in the world. Researchers used two… Read More Dust detectors in the Aral Sea basin
Researchers compared digital business models for renewable energy start-ups for solar and wind power. The market included digital technologies, customer orientation, delivery of value and revenue stream. They collected start-up data from the deal room database and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). Technologies used included ‘deep tech’, artificial intelligence, blockchain, ‘deep learning’, machine learning,… Read More Geo-engineering the business climate instead of the natural one can help start-ups