Researchers evaluated the current network of hydrometeorological observation across the permafrost. They wanted to find out how to improve statistical approaches for modelling engineering design and hydrological impact from melting permafrost such as increased flooding. They reviewed the distribution of ground temperature stations and hydrological gauges that currently measure streamflow discharge, where permafrost is covering… Read More Understanding hydrological pressures caused by melting permafrost
Russian researchers identified acidification of lakes during 1990s in Murmansk, Karelia, Archangelsk and Vologda regions and found up to 5% of lakes have acidification due to human causes in humid areas of European Russia and West Siberia. Nornickel was identified as the main contributor of sulphur dioxide SO2 in Kola and Norilsk areas. However since… Read More Less fizz, more plants – acids and eutrophication in Arctic lakes
A study by Krasnoyarsk Science Centre in 2019 caught attention, highlighting how birch trees are ‘climbing mountains’ with e.g., the increases in temperature affecting their habitats. Researchers from the Botanic Garden Institute in Yekaterinburg and the Institute of Soil and Water Conservation in Xianyang, recently studied Pinus Sibirica species (Siberian cedar/stone pine) in the Ural… Read More Pine trees enjoying Russian warmth
[Ed. Alexander Kislov and his team are some of Russia’s leading climate scientists] Interest in the effect of warming temperatures in the Arctic continues to grow, with researchers studying a range of impacts such as reduced sea ice, animal migration, flora changes and overall adaptation. However building an overall picture takes multiple projects and multiple… Read More Understanding rain, snow and cyclones across the Barents Sea
Vera Solovyeva is researching how the Éven indigenous people are adapting to climate change, and how it affects their shamanic beliefs particularly for breeding and managing reindeer. For example: During the celebration of the new year at the summer solstice, a reindeer is sacrificed in honor of Hɵvki, the highest deity. The sun reindeer is… Read More Shamanic Dress, Reindeer Herding, and the Challenge of Climate Change in Northern Siberia
Increases in sea ice melt, permafrost melt and wildfires are observed whilst Siberian temperatures continue to escalate beyond previous records, for example 38°C last year inside the Arctic Circle. To understand the changes, researchers looked at proxy records. Historically in the Siberian Arctic they have mostly included low-resolution pollen records and laminated lake sediments. They… Read More Siberian trees are telling the humans it’s too hot !
Permafrost is currently analysed by reviewing temperatures at different layers compared with air and ground surface temperatures, depth of freezing and thawing, as well as overall coverage including snow and vegetation. Mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and mean annual ground temperatures (MAGT) are a widely used source of analysis with the practical measurements being completed… Read More Permafrost and cryogenic monitoring in the western Russian Arctic.
The majority of residents in cities in the Russian Arctic are not indigenous to the area (approx 95%), mostly migrating from the south and west. They are not used to Arctic ecosystems and the Arctic climate with lower temperatures, permafrost, less rich soil and having to adapt to differing light with polar days and nights.… Read More Green canopies in the urban Russian Arctic
Scientists from Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kemerovo State University and Shirsov Institute of Oceanology at Russian Academy of Sciences analysed the algae biomass and what they might do with it. Increased concentration of algae is becoming more common on coastlines around the world. They release greenhouse gases , smell unpleasant and make beaches less… Read More Algae at the Baltic seaside
Up until now, multiple institutions across Russia monitor permafrost and focus on local results. Oil and gas industries do not share their permafrost results with each other. Human impact from energy industries has cumulatively increased permafrost temperature which further affects their infrastructure. The researchers recommend a new state monitoring system which can be linked to… Read More Building a national permafrost picture benefits everyone