Researchers from Tuvan and Tomsk universities wanted to understand the impact of climate change on palsa mires which are frozen mounds of peat bogs found in the highlands of southern Siberia. They are caused by permafrost and can be several metres high and up to several hundred km2 in area. When reading existing research they… Read More Mounds of mires
Vladimir Semyonov is Deputy Director of the Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The Russian News Agency TASS reported from a recent press conference summarising the current climate atmospheric position based on the Institute’s science. The Institute is an IPCC contributor and collaborator: According to him, the warming will be… Read More 1.5ºC annual average warming predicted in Russia over next 30 years
Variability in total contents based on long term stratospheric trends are measured by researchers at the A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics. They are measuring levels of O3 and NO2 at the Kislovodsk High-Altitude Scientific Station (KHASS) and Zvenigorod Scientific Station (ZSS). This includes direct and zenith scattered UV solar radiation during mornings and evening… Read More Uncovering stratospheric oxygen and nitrogen in Russian skies
Permafrost is currently analysed by reviewing temperatures at different layers compared with air and ground surface temperatures, depth of freezing and thawing, as well as overall coverage including snow and vegetation. Mean annual air temperature (MAAT) and mean annual ground temperatures (MAGT) are a widely used source of analysis with the practical measurements being completed… Read More Permafrost and cryogenic monitoring in the western Russian Arctic.
The majority of residents in cities in the Russian Arctic are not indigenous to the area (approx 95%), mostly migrating from the south and west. They are not used to Arctic ecosystems and the Arctic climate with lower temperatures, permafrost, less rich soil and having to adapt to differing light with polar days and nights.… Read More Green canopies in the urban Russian Arctic
Up until now, multiple institutions across Russia monitor permafrost and focus on local results. Oil and gas industries do not share their permafrost results with each other. Human impact from energy industries has cumulatively increased permafrost temperature which further affects their infrastructure. The researchers recommend a new state monitoring system which can be linked to… Read More Building a national permafrost picture benefits everyone
Peatlands are a key element of environmental sustainability and have a special place in the context of climate change. However, their importance is still underrated in Russia. We discussed the current challenges with Dr Tatiana Minayeva, the leader of the Russian peatland restoration project at Wetlands International. How did you become professionally involved in climate change… Read More Silent soldiers of the environmental protection: the issues and challenges of the Russian peatlands.
Seeking to reveal the connections between climate change and the destruction of the ozone layer, Dr. Syvorotkin, the leading researcher at the geology department, Moscow State University, proposed the “Hydrogen” concept and the “Degassing Concept of Global Disasters”. The core of the ‘hydrogen’ theory is that the ozone layer depletion is caused by the destructive chemical reaction… Read More A damaged ozone layer – a damaged climate? #Russia #climate