How to stop drilling holes through indigenous rights in the Russian Arctic

Liobov Sulayandziga discusses the issues between indigenous people of the Russian Arctic and extractive industries. She looks at the authentic communities in four Arctic regions: Komi Republic, Sakhalin, Sakha Republic and Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Area She concludes that indigenous opinions are often ignored in areas where resource extraction is prioritized. The communities receive significant opposition from…

Idols and rabbits in the Urals – designing Arctic ecotourism

Researchers from Ural State University of Architecture and Art proposed an innovative approach for developing tourism in Russian Arctic destinations where holidaymakers commonly avoid travelling. Tough climate, remoteness and non-existing hospitality services make it a challenge to tempt any tourist. Attracted by wilderness, endangered fauna, melting icebergs and glaciers, vanishing indigenous cultures, endangered mega-fauna has…

Human fatprints in the Arctic snow

Anthropogenic pollution of the Arctic atmosphere is of great interest due to the vulnerability of the Arctic ecosystems, as well as the processes of global transport and industries under cold climate conditions. Researchers from Lomonosov State University (Moscow) and Lomonosov Northern (Arctic) Federal University brought the first results on snow pollution in the least explored…

Detecting a methane rush over the Arctic seas

The Arctic is warming twice as fast compared to the rest of the World. The Arctic ocean contains gigatons of organic carbon and methane hydrates. Warming may induce liberation of this methane into the atmosphere. This greenhouse gas would start a positive feed-back: the warmer water – the faster methane emission, the higher concentration the…

Is there an Arctic ‘resource curse’? Evidence from the Russian Arctic regions.

Although the development of the Arctic’s natural resources sounds very promising for Russian economics, the expansion of mining brings future risks for the regional well-being, affecting social, physical and economic spheres. Gritsenko and Efimova discuss how the Arctic economics might struggle from being rich in resources. They refer to the idea of ‘resource curse’, a paradox that features…

Reading the future in an Arctic iced tea

Mironov, Klyachkin and Yulin from Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg, have suggested new computer-based method of long-term ice forecasting for the Arctic Seas. These methods are currently tested by an experimental hardware-software complex called “Ice”. The year-round ice cover in the Arctic Ocean is one of the main features of the Arctic climate system, and the…

Melting permafrost, melting budgets – the wear and tear of Arctic infrastructure

Scientists from George Washington University and Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences have recently estimated the future costs of infrastructure affected by climate change in the Arctic region, specifically by the impacts of permafrost thaw. The research covers the countries with the biggest areas of permafrost, namely, Alaska, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia….

Climate change is a positive change for the Arctic birds. #Russia #climate

Researchers from the Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences analyse the formation of modern Arctic mammals and discuss their future changes caused by climate change. They observed regional climate warming since the 1990s with visible effects such as rain- and snowfall increase, a decrease of Arctic glaciers, much warmer winters, etc. They found that…

What’s hot in Roshydromet?

We start with a summary of the “Report about climate features on the territory of Russian Federation, 2018” published this year by Roshydromet (the Federal service for hydrometeorology and environmental monitoring) which covers the annual temperatures, condition of glaciers, precipitation and CO2 concentration estimated on the territory of Russia during the last year. Annual climate…